People are strange. And even when they try to help other people, they sometimes do very… weird stuff. Like a couple of inventors back in 1965, who tried to create a machine to help the women who have trouble giving birth to their children.
They filed a patent, which was surprisingly granted, for a machine that works like this:
When a woman is ready to deliver her child, she lies on her back on a circular table. The doctors strap her down, and place a net or a bag between her legs. Then the table spins. At high speed. For minutes. And eventually the baby comes flying out, hopefully into the net.
No, my kind reader, we are not going to write about Vomit or Baby Projectile equations today. We are going to discuss Centrifugal (and centripetal) stuff.
In Newtonian mechanics, the term Centrifugal Force is used to refer to an inertial force (also called a 'fictitious’ force) that appears to act on all objects when viewed in a rotating reference frame, drawing them away from the axis.
Centripetal force (from Latin centrum “center” and petere “to seek”) is a force that makes a body follow a curved path: its direction is always orthogonal to the velocity of the body, toward the fixed point of the instantaneous center of curvature of the path. Centripetal force is generally the cause of circular motion.
In simple terms, centripetal force is defined as a force which keeps a body moving with a uniform speed along a circular path and is directed along the radius towards the center. It has always opposite direction to the Centrifugal force.
Uniform circular motion, that is constant speed along a circular path, is an example of a body experiencing acceleration resulting in velocity of a constant magnitude but change of direction. In this case, because the direction of the object’s motion is constantly changing, being tangential to the circle, the object’s linear velocity vector also changes, but its speed does not. This acceleration is a radial acceleration since it is always directed toward the center of the circle and takes the magnitude. It is also called Centripetal acceleration. υ is the objects linear speed along the circular path and “a” the radial acceleration vector.
I doubt that Newton ever imagined that his theories would have been used for a baby throwing machine!
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