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Pythagorean theorem (arbitrary triangle - obtuse angle)

Generalization of the Pythagorean theorem for the side opposite of the obtuse angle of an arbitrary triangle

... more

Length of a side of an inscribed square in a triangle

Every acute triangle has three inscribed squares (squares in its interior such that all four of a square’s vertices lie on a side of the triangle, so ... more

Interior perpendicular bisector of a triangle

The interior perpendicular bisector of a side of a triangle is the segment, falling entirely on and inside the triangle, of the line that perpendicularly ... more

Pythagorean theorem (arbitrary triangle - acute angle)

Generalization of the Pythagorean theorem for the side opposite of the acute angle of an arbitrary triangle

... more

Relation between inradius,exradii and sides of a right triangle

Right triangle or right-angled triangle is a triangle in which one angle is a right angle (that is, a 90-degree angle). The incircle or inscribed circle of ... more

Radius of the incircle of a right triangle

Right triangle or right-angled triangle is a triangle in which one angle is a right angle (that is, a 90-degree angle). The incircle or inscribed circle ... more

Sum of the circumradius and the inradius of a right triangle

Right triangle or right-angled triangle is a triangle in which one angle is a right angle (that is, a 90-degree angle). The incircle or inscribed circle of ... more

One of the legs of a right triangle related to the inradius and the other leg.

Right triangle or right-angled triangle is a triangle in which one angle is a right angle (that is, a 90-degree angle). The incircle or inscribed circle of ... more

Napoleon's theorem

In geometry, Napoleon’s theorem states that if equilateral triangles are constructed on the sides of any triangle, either all outward, or all inward, ... more

Area of a triangle (by the one side and the sines of the triangle's angles)

A triangle is a polygon with three edges and three vertices. In a scalene triangle, all sides are unequal and equivalently all angles are unequal. When the ... more

Morley's trisector theorem (area)

Morley’s trisector theorem states that in any triangle, the three points of intersection of the adjacent angle trisectors form an equilateral triangle, ... more

Area of an arbitrary triangle

The area of an arbitrary triangle can be calculated from the two sides of the triangle and the included angle.
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Worksheet 334

In a video game design, a map shows the location of other characters relative to the player, who is situated at the origin, and the direction they are facing. A character currently shows on the map at coordinates (-3, 5). If the player rotates counterclockwise by 20 degrees, then the objects in the map will correspondingly rotate 20 degrees clockwise. Find the new coordinates of the character.

To rotate the position of the character, we can imagine it as a point on a circle, and we will change the angle of the point by 20 degrees. To do so, we first need to find the radius of this circle and the original angle.

Drawing a right triangle inside the circle, we can find the radius using the Pythagorean Theorem:

Pythagorean theorem (right triangle)

To find the angle, we need to decide first if we are going to find the acute angle of the triangle, the reference angle, or if we are going to find the angle measured in standard position. While either approach will work, in this case we will do the latter. By applying the cosine function and using our given information we get

Cosine function
Subtraction

While there are two angles that have this cosine value, the angle of 120.964 degrees is in the second quadrant as desired, so it is the angle we were looking for.

Rotating the point clockwise by 20 degrees, the angle of the point will decrease to 100.964 degrees. We can then evaluate the coordinates of the rotated point

For x axis:

Cosine function

For y axis:

Sine function

The coordinates of the character on the rotated map will be (-1.109, 5.725)

Reference : PreCalculus: An Investigation of Functions,Edition 1.4 © 2014 David Lippman and Melonie Rasmussen
http://www.opentextbookstore.com/precalc/
Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/

Diameter of a triangle's circumscribed circle (related to the sides)

The circumscribed circle or circumcircle of a triangle is a circle which passes through all the vertices of the triangle. The circumcenter of a triangle ... more

Law of cosines

The law of cosines relates the cosine of an angle to the opposite side of an arbitrary triangle and the length of the triangle’s sides.
The law ... more

Law of tangents for the triangles

The law of tangents is a statement about the relationship between the tangents of two angles of a triangle and the lengths of the opposing sides.The law of ... more

Cosine value calculator

Calculates the Cosine value of angle θ(in degrees). The cosine of an angle is the ratio of the length of the adjacent side to an acute angle of a right ... more

Right Triangle (sides)

A right triangle (American English) or right-angled triangle (British English) is a triangle in which one angle is a right angle (that is, a 90-degree ... more

Morley's trisector theorem

Morley’s trisector theorem states that in any triangle, the three points of intersection of the adjacent angle trisectors form an equilateral ... more

Law of sines ( related to the sides of the triangle)

Law of sines is an equation relating the lengths of the sides of any shaped triangle to the sines of its angles. The law of sines can be used to compute ... more

Area of a triangle (related to the two of its altitudes)

Altitude of a triangle is a straight line through a vertex and perpendicular to a line containing the base (the opposite side of the triangle). The area of ... more

Length of internal bisector of an angle in triangle in relation to the opposite segments

In geometry, bisection is the division of something into two equal or congruent parts, usually by a line, which is then called a bisector. If the internal ... more

Area of a triangle (related to the circumradius and two of its altitudes)

A circumscribed circle or circumcircle of a triangle is a circle which passes through all the vertices of the triangle. Its radius is called the ... more

Euler line (distance between the centroid and the circumcenter of a triangle)

In geometry, the Euler line is a line determined from any triangle that is not equilateral. It passes through several important points determined from the ... more

Stewart's Theorem ( for triangle's bisectors)

Stewart’s theorem yields a relation between the length of the sides of the triangle and the length of a cevian of the triangle. A cevian is any line ... more

Relation between the sides, the dinstances of the orthocenter from the vertices and the circumradius of a triangle

Altitude of a triangle is a line segment through a vertex and perpendicular to a line containing the base (the opposite side of the triangle). This line ... more

Relation between internal bisectors of angles A, B, and C of a triangle and its sides

An angle bisector divides the angle into two angles with equal measures. An angle only has one bisector. Each point of an angle bisector is equidistant ... more

Euler line (distance between the circumcenter and the orthocenter of a triangle)

In geometry, the Euler line is a line determined from any triangle that is not equilateral. It passes through several important points determined from the ... more

Euler line (distance between the centroid and the orthocenter of a triangle)

In geometry, the Euler line is a line determined from any triangle that is not equilateral. It passes through several important points determined from the ... more

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