Latent heat is the energy released or absorbed by a body or a thermodynamic system during a constant-temperature process. A typical example is a change of
is the minimum pressure which needs to be applied to a solution to prevent the inward flow of water across a semipermeable membrane. It is also defined as
The mass ratio is defined as the mass of a constituent divided by the total mass of all other constituents in a mixture.
An activity coefficient is a factor used in thermodynamics to account for deviations from ideal behaviour in a mixture of chemical substances.In an ideal
In chemistry, the molar concentration, is defined as the amount of a constituent divided by the volume of the mixture. It is also called molarity,