The Sortino ratio measures the risk-adjusted return of an investment asset, portfolio, or strategy. It is a modification of the Sharpe ratio but penalizes
Power average (related to Work)
Power is the rate of doing work. It is equivalent to an amount of energy consumed per unit time. The same amount of work is done when carrying a load up a
Kepler's Second Law
In astronomy, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion are three scientific laws describing the motion of planets around the Sun.
1.The orbit of a
An activity coefficient is a factor used in thermodynamics to account for deviations from ideal behaviour in a mixture of chemical substances.In an ideal
In finance, active return refers to that segment of the returns in an investment portfolio that is due to active management decisions made by the portfolio