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The Fourier number (Fo) or Fourier modulus, is a dimensionless number that characterizes heat conduction. it is the ratio of diffusive/conductive transport ... more

Rayleigh scattering (pronounced /ˈreɪli/ RAY-lee), named after the British physicist Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt), is the (dominantly) elastic ... more

The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume. The density of a material varies with temperature ... more

Although convective heat transfer can be derived analytically through dimensional analysis, exact analysis of the boundary layer, approximate integral ... more

Thermal expansion is the tendency of matter to change in length, area or volume in response to a change in temperature, through heat transfer.

The
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In fluid mechanics, the Roshko number is a dimensionless number describing oscillating flow mechanisms.It is related to the Strouhal number and the ... more

In the context of fluid mechanics. the Bejan number is the dimensionless pressure drop along a channel of length.

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The Fourier number (Fo) or Fourier modulus, is a dimensionless number that characterizes heat conduction. It is the ratio of diffusive/conductive ... more

Strategy

Use the equation for linear thermal expansion to calculate the change in length , **ΔL** . Use the coefficient of linear expansion, **α** ,for steel from Table 13.2, and note that the change in temperature, **ΔT** , is **55ºC**

**(b)** convert the change in temperature if Kelvin and Fahrenheit degrees. *****this section is not included in the Reference material*

Discussion

Although not large compared with the length of the bridge, this change in length is observable. It is generally spread over many expansion joints so that the expansion at each joint is small.

Reference : OpenStax College,College Physics. OpenStax College. 21 June 2012.

http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics

Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

The equation yields the surface averaged Nusselt number, which is used to determine the average convective heat transfer coefficient. Newton’s law of ... more

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The main span of San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge is

1275 mlong at its coldest. The bridge is exposed to temperatures ranging from–15ºCto40ºC.(a)What is its change in length between these temperatures? Assume that the bridge is made entirely of steel.