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Tractive Force - Steam locomotives

As used in mechanical engineering, the term tractive force can either refer to the total traction a vehicle exerts on a surface, or the amount of the total ... more

Pixels Per Inch (PPI)

Pixels per inch (PPI) (or pixels per centimeter (PPCM)) is a measurement of the pixel density ... more

Worksheet 980

PPI can be calculated from knowing the diagonal size of the screen in inches and the resolution in pixels (width and height). This can be done in two steps

Using the Pythagorean theorem, for 3 different screen resolutions:

Diagonal Resolution - Pixels

Using the Diagonal Resolution from the previous formula we calculate the PPI for 3 corresponding screen sizes :

Pixels Per Inch (PPI)

Results:

10.1 inch tablet screen of resolution 1024×600 : 117.5PPI
21.5 inch PC monitor of 1080p resolution : 102.46PPI
27 inch PC monitor of 1440p resolution : 108.78PPI

Lean angle due to a tire thickness of a bicycle

The finite width of the tires alters the actual lean angle of the rear frame from the ideal lean angle described above. The actual lean angle between the ... more

Screw - mechanical advantage

A screw is a mechanism that converts rotational motion to linear motion, and a torque (rotational force) to a linear force. It is one of the six classical ... more

Screw - torque

A screw is a mechanism that converts rotational motion to linear motion, and a torque (rotational force) to a linear force. It is one of the six classical ... more

Diagonal Resolution - Pixels

Pixels per inch (PPI) (or pixels per centimeter (PPCM)) is a measurement of the pixel density ... more

Diametral pitch (transverse) - gears

A gear or cogwheel is a rotating machine part having cut teeth, or cogs, which mesh with another toothed part to transmit torque, in most cases with teeth ... more

Body Mass Index - BMI (for pounds and inches)

The body mass index (BMI), or Quetelet index, is a heuristic proxy for human body fat based on an individual’s weight and ... more

Pressure

Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the ratio of force to the area over which that force is distributed.

Pressure is force per unit area applied in a ... more

Engine displacement

Engine displacement is the volume swept by all the pistons inside the cylinders of a reciprocating engine in a single movement from top dead centre (... more

Pressure Altitude - in meters

Pressure altitude within the atmosphere is the altitude in the International Standard Atmosphere with the same pressure as the part of the atmosphere in ... more

Pressure Altitude - in feet

Pressure altitude within the atmosphere is the altitude in the International Standard Atmosphere with the same pressure as the part of the atmosphere in ... more

Speeds and feeds - Spindle speed

The phrase speeds and feeds or feeds and speeds refers to two separate velocities in machine tool practice, cutting speed and feed rate. They are often ... more

R-value (insulation)

In building and construction,the R-value is a measure of how well an object, per unit of its exposed area, resists conductive flow of heat: the greater the ... more

Speeds and feeds - feed rate

The phrase speeds and feeds or feeds and speeds refers to two separate velocities in machine tool practice, cutting speed and feed rate. They are often ... more

Plug Length Injection

Inject into tubes with pressure difference (e.g. in Capillary Electrophoresis)

Submitted by the user hpzimmer

... more

R-value (insulation) of a multi-layered installation

Formula first contributed by:
zfyl

The R-value is a measure of thermal resistance, or ability of heat to transfer from hot ... more

Moment of inertia of a thick-walled cylindrical tube ( Axis at the center of the cylinder perpendicular to its height)

Moment of inertia is the mass property of a rigid body that defines the torque needed for a desired angular acceleration about an axis of rotation. Moment ... more

Area of a Torus

In geometry, a torus (pl. tori) is a surface of revolution generated by revolving a circle in three-dimensional space about an axis coplanar with the ... more

Second moment of area - I-Beam (W-section)

An I-beam, also known as H-beam, W-beam (for “wide flange”), Universal Beam (UB), Rolled Steel Joist (RSJ), or ... more

Concentric tube heat exchanger - Overall Heat Transfer coefficient

Concentric Tube (or Pipe) Heat Exchangers are used in a variety of industries for purposes such as material processing, food preparation, and ... more

Interior Volume of a Torus

In geometry, a torus (pl. tori) is a surface of revolution generated by revolving a circle in three-dimensional space about an axis coplanar with the ... more

Moment of inertia of a torus of tube (about a diameter)

Mass moment of inertia measures the extent to which an object resists rotational acceleration about an axis, and is the rotational analogue to mass.
A ... more

Capillary Action - height of the meniscus

Capillary action (sometimes capillarity, capillary motion, or wicking) is the ability of a liquid to flow in narrow spaces without the assistance of, and ... more

Reynolds number (for a flow in a tube)

In fluid mechanics, the Reynolds number is used to help predict if flow will be laminar or turbulent. We know that flow in a very smooth tube, streamlined ... more

Radius

In classical geometry, a radius of a circle or sphere is any of the line segments from its center to its perimeter, and in more modern usage, it is also ... more

Dittus-Boelter equation - Nusselt number

In heat transfer at a boundary (surface) within a fluid, the Nusselt number (Nu) is the ratio of convective to conductive heat transfer across (normal to) ... more

Radius of the circle with perimeter (circumference)

In classical geometry, a radius of a circle or sphere is any of the line segments from its center to its perimeter, and in more modern usage, it is also ... more

Capillary pressure in a tube (contact angle)

In a sufficiently narrow tube of circular cross-section of radius “a”, the interface between two fluids forms a meniscus that is a portion of the surface ... more

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