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Declination of the Sun

The position of the Sun in the sky is a function of both time and the geographic coordinates of the observer on the surface of the Earth. As the Earth ... more

Fraunhofer diffraction (Diffraction by a double slit)

In optics, the Fraunhofer diffraction equation is used to model the diffraction of waves when the diffraction pattern is viewed at a long distance from the ... more

Free-fall time (Infall of a spherically-symmetric distribution of mass)

The free-fall time is the characteristic time that would take a body to collapse under its own gravitational attraction, if no other forces existed to ... more

Varignon's theorem in statics

Torque, moment or moment of force (see the terminology below) is the tendency of a force to rotate an object about an axis. In addition to the tendency to ... more

Energy stored in a system of three point charges

Electric potential energy, or electrostatic potential energy, is a potential energy that results from conservative Coulomb forces and is associated with ... more

Critical point of a cubic function ( local maximum )

A cubic function is a function of the form f(x): ax3 + bx2 + cx + d.
The critical points of a cubic equation are those values of x where the slope of ... more

Critical point of a cubic function ( local minimum )

A cubic function is a function of the form f(x): ax3 + bx2 + cx + d.
The critical points of a cubic equation are those values of x where the slope of ... more

Graveyard Orbit - Minimum Perigee Altitude

A graveyard orbit, also called a junk orbit or disposal orbit, is a supersynchronous orbit that lies significantly above synchronous orbit, where ... more

Front focal length (FFL)

A lens is a transmissive optical device which affects the focusing of a light beam through refraction. A simple lens consists of a single piece of ... more

Slant Range

In radio electronics, especially radar terminology, slant range is the line-of-sight distance between two points which are not at the same level relative ... more

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