Weber Number

Description

The Weber number (We) is a dimensionless number in fluid mechanics that is often useful in analysing fluid flows where there is an interface between two different fluids, especially for multiphase flows with strongly curved surfaces. It can be thought of as a measure of the relative importance of the fluid’s inertia compared to its surface tension. The quantity is useful in analyzing thin film flows and the formation of droplets and bubbles.

Related formulas

Variables

WeWeber number (dimensionless)
ρdensity of the fluid (kg/m3)
vvelocity (m/s)
lcharacteristic length, typically the droplet diameter (m)
σsurface tension (N/m)