Volume Fraction of the Fibers (Rule of mixtures)


In materials science, a general rule of mixtures is a weighted mean used to predict various properties of a composite material made up of continuous and unidirectional fibers. It provides a theoretical upper- and lower-bound on properties such as the elastic modulus, mass density, ultimate tensile strength, thermal conductivity, and electrical conductivity. In general there are two models, one for axial loading (Voigt model), and one for transverse loading (Reuss model).

In general, for some material property (often the elastic modulus), the rule of mixtures states that the overall property in the direction parallel to the fibers may be as high as shown here.

Related formulas


fvolume fraction of the fibers (dimensionless)
Vfvolume property of the fibers (m3)
Vmvolume property of the matrix (m3)