Snell's law (velocities)

Description

Snell’s law (also known as the Snell–Descartes law and the law of refraction) is a formula used to describe the relationship between the angles of incidence and refraction, when referring to light or other waves passing through a boundary between two different isotropic media, such as water, glass and air. Snell’s law states that the ratio of the sines of the angles of incidence and refraction is equivalent to the ratio of phase velocities in the two media. (The phase velocity of a wave is the rate at which the phase of the wave propagates in space. This is the velocity at which the phase of any one frequency component of the wave travels).

Related formulas

Variables

θ1Angle of incidence measured from the normal of the boundary (degree)
θ2Angle of refraction measured from the normal of the boundary (degree)
v1velocity of light in medium of indcidence (m/s)
v2velocity of light in medium of refraction (m/s)