Osmotic pressure


is the minimum pressure which needs to be applied to a solution to prevent the inward flow of water across a semipermeable membrane. It is also defined as the measure of the tendency of a solution to take in water by osmosis. Potential osmotic pressure is the maximum osmotic pressure that could develop in a solution if it were separated from distilled water by a selectively permeable membrane. The phenomenon of osmosis arises from the propensity of a pure solvent to move through a semi-permeable membrane and into a solution containing a solute to which the membrane is impermeable. This process is of vital importance in biology as the cell’s membrane is semipermeable.

Related formulas


Πosmotic pressure (J/L)
Mmolar concentration of dissolved species (mol/L)
Rmolar gas constant
Ttemperature (K)