# Capacitance

## Description

Capacitance is the ability of a body to store an electrical charge. Any object that can be electrically charged exhibits capacitance. Capacitance is a measure of the amount of electric charge stored (or separated) for a given electric potential. A common form of energy storage device is a parallel-plate capacitor. In a parallel plate capacitor, capacitance is directly proportional to the surface area of the conductor plates and inversely proportional to the separation distance between the plates. If the charges on the plates are +Q and −Q respectively, and V gives the voltage between the plates, then the capacitance C is given by the ratio of Q/V.

Related formulas## Variables

C | Capacitance (F) |

Q | Electrical Charge (C) |

V | Potential Difference (V) |