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In fluid dynamics, the Darcy friction factor formulae are equations that allow the calculation of the Darcy friction factor, a dimensionless quantity used ... more

Strategy

Use the equation for linear thermal expansion to calculate the change in length , **ΔL** . Use the coefficient of linear expansion, **α** ,for steel from Table 13.2, and note that the change in temperature, **ΔT** , is **55ºC**

**(b)** convert the change in temperature if Kelvin and Fahrenheit degrees. *****this section is not included in the Reference material*

Discussion

Although not large compared with the length of the bridge, this change in length is observable. It is generally spread over many expansion joints so that the expansion at each joint is small.

Reference : OpenStax College,College Physics. OpenStax College. 21 June 2012.

http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics

Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

In fluid dynamics, the Darcy friction factor formulae are equations that allow the calculation of the Darcy friction factor, a dimensionless quantity used ... more

In fluid dynamics, the Darcy friction factor formulae are equations that allow the calculation of the Darcy friction factor, a dimensionless quantity used ... more

The equation yields the surface averaged Nusselt number, which is used to determine the average convective heat transfer coefficient. Newton’s law of ... more

In aerodynamics, the lift-to-drag ratio, or L/D ratio, is the amount of lift generated by a wing or vehicle, divided by the drag it creates by moving ... more

The cross section is an effective area that quantifies the intrinsic likelihood of a scattering event when an incident beam strikes a target object, made ... more

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The main span of San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge is

1275 mlong at its coldest. The bridge is exposed to temperatures ranging from–15ºCto40ºC.(a)What is its change in length between these temperatures? Assume that the bridge is made entirely of steel.