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Depth of indentation of a Contact Area between two spheres

Contact mechanics is the study of the deformation of solids that touch each other at one or more points. Hertzian contact stress refers to the localized ... more

Concrete electrical resistivity (rebars method)

Rebar (short for reinforcing bar), is a steel bar or mesh of steel wires used as a tension device in reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry structures ... more

Logarithm of the odds ratio

The logit function is the inverse of the sigmoidal “logistic” function or logistic transform used in mathematics, especially in statistics. ... more

Relation between the standard deviation of logarithmized sample and the non-logarithmized sample values

Log-normal (or lognormal) distribution is a continuous probability distribution of a random variable whose logarithm is normally distributed. The standard ... more

Standard normal distribution (probability density function when μ=0 and σ^2 = 1/2)

In probability theory, the normal (or Gaussian) distribution is a very commonly occurring continuous probability distribution—a function that tells the ... more

Height of the screen (in relation to aspect ratio)

The aspect ratio of an image describes the proportional relationship between its width and its height. The most common aspect ratios used today in the ... more

Width of the screen (in relation to aspect ratio)

The aspect ratio of an image describes the proportional relationship between its width and its height. The most common aspect ratios used today in the ... more

Standard normal distribution (probability density function when μ=0 and σ=1)

In probability theory, the normal (or Gaussian) distribution is a very commonly occurring continuous probability distribution—a function that tells the ... more

Friction Loss (hydraulic slope)

In fluid flow, friction loss (or skin friction) is the loss of pressure or “head” that occurs in pipe or duct flow due to the effect of the fluid’s ... more

Carnot efficiency

The theoretical maximum efficiency of any heat engine depends only on the temperatures it operates between. This efficiency is usually derived using an ... more

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