London penetration depth
In superconductors, the London penetration depth (usually denoted as λ or λ_L) characterizes the distance to which a magnetic field penetrates into a
Specific absorption rate (SAR)
Specific absorption rate calculates the rate at which energy is absorbed by the body when exposed to a radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic field. Specific
Electrical resistivity (also known as resistivity, specific electrical resistance, or volume resistivity) is an intrinsic property that quantifies how
Hartmann number (Ha) is the ratio of electromagnetic force to the viscous force first introduced by Hartmann.