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Many government agencies and industries (such as aerospace) require the use of a margin of safety (MoS or M.S.) to describe the ratio of the strength of ... more

Chladni’s law, named after Ernst Chladni, relates the frequency of modes of vibration for flat circular surfaces with fixed center as a function of ... more

Blood pressure is related to the wall tension of the artery or vein, according to the Young–Laplace equation (assuming that the thickness of the vessel ... more

Strategy

The force is equal to the weight supported:

and the cross-sectional area of the upper leg bone(femur) is:

To find the change in length we use the Young’s modulus formula. The Young’s modulus reference value for a bone under compression is known to be **9×10 ^{9} N/m^{2}**. Now,all quantities except

**ΔL**are known. Thus:

Discussion

This small change in length seems reasonable, consistent with our experience that bones are rigid. In fact, even the rather large forces encountered during strenuous physical activity do not compress or bend bones by large amounts. Although bone is rigid compared with fat or muscle, several of the substances listed in Table 5.3(*see reference below*) have larger values of Young’s modulus Y . In other words, they are more rigid.

**Reference:**

This worksheet is a modified version of Example 5.4 page 188 found in :

OpenStax College,College Physics. OpenStax College. 21 June 2012.

http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics

Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

The probability distribution of the number Y = X − 1 of failures before the first success, supported on the set { 0, 1, 2, 3, ... } is giving by a form of ... more

For a channel that is at an angle **a** from horizontal, the shear component of the stress acting on the bed , which is the component acting
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A pressure vessel is a closed container designed to hold gases or liquids at a pressure substantially different from the ambient pressure.

When a
... more

Euler–Bernoulli beam theory (also known as engineer’s beam theory or classical beam theory) is a simplification of the linear theory of elasticity ... more

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Bolted joints are one of the most common elements in construction and machine design. They consist of fasteners that capture and join other parts, and are ... more

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Calculate the change in length of the upper leg bone (the femur) when a

70.0 kgman supports62.0 kgof his mass on it, assuming the bone to be equivalent to a uniform rod that is45.0 cmlong and2.00 cmin radius.