is the minimum pressure which needs to be applied to a solution to prevent the inward flow of water across a semipermeable membrane. It is also defined as
The Magnus effect is the commonly observed effect in which a spinning ball (or cylinder) curves away from its principal flight path.The overall behaviour
Flattening - 1st variant
Flattening is a measure of the compression of a circle or sphere along a diameter to form an ellipse or an ellipsoid of revolution (spheroid) respectively.
Angular resolution or spatial resolution describes the ability of any image-forming device such as an optical or radio telescope, a microscope, a camera,
In astronomy, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion are three scientific laws describing the motion of planets around the Sun.
1- The orbit of
Future value of a present sum
A time value of money calculation is one which solves for one of several variables in a financial problem. In a typical case, the variables might be: a
Gas in a box (momentum)
The particle in a box model describes a particle free to move in a small space surrounded by impenetrable barriers. the results of the quantum particle in
Bending is a manufacturing process that produces a V-shape, U-shape, or channel shape along a straight axis in ductile materials, most commonly sheet