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Relation between inradius,exradii and sides of a right triangle

Right triangle or right-angled triangle is a triangle in which one angle is a right angle (that is, a 90-degree angle). The incircle or inscribed circle of ... more

Radius of the incircle of a right triangle

Right triangle or right-angled triangle is a triangle in which one angle is a right angle (that is, a 90-degree angle). The incircle or inscribed circle ... more

Relation between the inradius and exradii of a right triangle

Right triangle or right-angled triangle is a triangle in which one angle is a right angle (that is, a 90-degree angle). The incircle or inscribed circle of ... more

Area between a parabola and a chord

Parabola is a two-dimensional, mirror-symmetrical curve, which is approximately U-shaped. The area enclosed between a parabola and a chord is two-thirds ... more

One of the legs of a right triangle related to the inradius and the other leg.

Right triangle or right-angled triangle is a triangle in which one angle is a right angle (that is, a 90-degree angle). The incircle or inscribed circle of ... more

Diameter of the circumcircle of a triangle (trigometric expression)

The diameter of the circumcircle is related to the area of the triangle and the sines of the angles

... more

Euler's line Equation (any triangle)

In geometry, the Euler line is a line determined from any triangle that is not equilateral. It passes through several important points determined from the ... more

Worksheet 334

In a video game design, a map shows the location of other characters relative to the player, who is situated at the origin, and the direction they are facing. A character currently shows on the map at coordinates (-3, 5). If the player rotates counterclockwise by 20 degrees, then the objects in the map will correspondingly rotate 20 degrees clockwise. Find the new coordinates of the character.

To rotate the position of the character, we can imagine it as a point on a circle, and we will change the angle of the point by 20 degrees. To do so, we first need to find the radius of this circle and the original angle.

Drawing a right triangle inside the circle, we can find the radius using the Pythagorean Theorem:

Pythagorean theorem (right triangle)

To find the angle, we need to decide first if we are going to find the acute angle of the triangle, the reference angle, or if we are going to find the angle measured in standard position. While either approach will work, in this case we will do the latter. By applying the cosine function and using our given information we get

Cosine function
Subtraction

While there are two angles that have this cosine value, the angle of 120.964 degrees is in the second quadrant as desired, so it is the angle we were looking for.

Rotating the point clockwise by 20 degrees, the angle of the point will decrease to 100.964 degrees. We can then evaluate the coordinates of the rotated point

For x axis:

Cosine function

For y axis:

Sine function

The coordinates of the character on the rotated map will be (-1.109, 5.725)

Reference : PreCalculus: An Investigation of Functions,Edition 1.4 © 2014 David Lippman and Melonie Rasmussen
http://www.opentextbookstore.com/precalc/
Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/

Law of cosines

The law of cosines relates the cosine of an angle to the opposite side of an arbitrary triangle and the length of the triangle’s sides.
The law ... more

Area of a triangle (by the tangent of an acute or obtuse angle of the triangle)

A triangle is a polygon with three edges and three vertices. In a scalene triangle, all sides are unequal and equivalently all angles are unequal. The area ... more

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