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Absolute Magnitude of a Star - with parallax

Absolute magnitude is the measure of a celestial object’s intrinsic brightness. It is the hypothetical apparent magnitude of an object at a standard ... more

Triangulation (surveying)

In surveying, triangulation is the process of determining the location of a point by measuring only angles to it from known points at either end of a fixed ... more

Perimeter of a Regular polygon

A regular polygon is a polygon that is equiangular (all angles are equal in measure) and equilateral (all sides have the same length). Regular polygons may ... more

Worksheet 334

In a video game design, a map shows the location of other characters relative to the player, who is situated at the origin, and the direction they are facing. A character currently shows on the map at coordinates (-3, 5). If the player rotates counterclockwise by 20 degrees, then the objects in the map will correspondingly rotate 20 degrees clockwise. Find the new coordinates of the character.

To rotate the position of the character, we can imagine it as a point on a circle, and we will change the angle of the point by 20 degrees. To do so, we first need to find the radius of this circle and the original angle.

Drawing a right triangle inside the circle, we can find the radius using the Pythagorean Theorem:

Pythagorean theorem (right triangle)

To find the angle, we need to decide first if we are going to find the acute angle of the triangle, the reference angle, or if we are going to find the angle measured in standard position. While either approach will work, in this case we will do the latter. By applying the cosine function and using our given information we get

Cosine function
Subtraction

While there are two angles that have this cosine value, the angle of 120.964 degrees is in the second quadrant as desired, so it is the angle we were looking for.

Rotating the point clockwise by 20 degrees, the angle of the point will decrease to 100.964 degrees. We can then evaluate the coordinates of the rotated point

For x axis:

Cosine function

For y axis:

Sine function

The coordinates of the character on the rotated map will be (-1.109, 5.725)

Reference : PreCalculus: An Investigation of Functions,Edition 1.4 © 2014 David Lippman and Melonie Rasmussen
http://www.opentextbookstore.com/precalc/
Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/

Length of an arc of a circle (central angle in radians)

Circular arc is a segment of a circle, or of its circumference (boundary) if the circle is considered to be a disc. Central angle is an angle whose apex ... more

Length of an Arc of a Circle

Circular arc is a segment of a circle, or of its circumference (boundary) if the circle is considered to be a disc. Central angle is an angle whose apex ... more

Relation between the sides, the dinstances of the orthocenter from the vertices and the circumradius of a triangle

Altitude of a triangle is a line segment through a vertex and perpendicular to a line containing the base (the opposite side of the triangle). This line ... more

Relation between internal bisectors of angles A, B, and C of a triangle and its sides

An angle bisector divides the angle into two angles with equal measures. An angle only has one bisector. Each point of an angle bisector is equidistant ... more

Area of rhombus (by diagonals)

Rhombus is a simple (non-self-intersecting) quadrilateral whose four sides all have the same length. Every rhombus is a parallelogram, and a rhombus with ... more

Electrical Impedances - Phase in Series

Electrical impedance is the measure of the opposition that a circuit presents to a current when a voltage is applied. The term complex impedance may be ... more

Electrical Impedances - Phase in Parallel

Electrical impedance is the measure of the opposition that a circuit presents to a current when a voltage is applied. The term complex impedance may be ... more

Electrical Impedances - Magnitude

Electrical impedance is the measure of the opposition that a circuit presents to a current when a voltage is applied. The term complex impedance may be ... more

Electrical Impedance

Electrical impedance is the measure of the opposition that a circuit presents to a current when a voltage is applied. The term complex impedance may be ... more

Euler line (distance between the centroid and the circumcenter of a triangle)

In geometry, the Euler line is a line determined from any triangle that is not equilateral. It passes through several important points determined from the ... more

Law of cosines

The law of cosines relates the cosine of an angle to the opposite side of an arbitrary triangle and the length of the triangle’s sides.
The law ... more

Pythagorean theorem (right triangle)

In mathematics, the Pythagorean theorem, also known as Pythagoras’ theorem, is a fundamental relation in Euclidean geometry among the three sides of ... more

Spherical Law of Cosines

In spherical trigonometry, the law of cosines (also called the cosine rule for sides) is a theorem relating the sides and angles of spherical triangles, ... more

Length of internal bisector of an angle in triangle in relation to the opposite segments

In geometry, bisection is the division of something into two equal or congruent parts, usually by a line, which is then called a bisector. If the internal ... more

Law of tangents for the triangles

The law of tangents is a statement about the relationship between the tangents of two angles of a triangle and the lengths of the opposing sides.The law of ... more

Roll-Off - First Order

Roll-off is the steepness of a transmission function with frequency, particularly in electrical network analysis, and most especially in connection with ... more

Orthodiagonal quadrilateral (the sum of the squares of two opposite sides)

In Euclidean geometry, an orthodiagonal quadrilateral is a quadrilateral in which the diagonals cross at right angles. It is a four-sided figure in which ... more

Tangent of the difference of two angles (Bhāskara formula)

Trigonometric identities are equalities that involve trigonometric functions and are true for every single value of the occurring variables. Geometrically, ... more

Tangent of the sum of two angles (Bhāskara formula)

Trigonometric identities are equalities that involve trigonometric functions and are true for every single value of the occurring variables. Geometrically, ... more

Parallelogram area ( diagonals' angle)

Parallelogram is a simple (non self-intersecting) quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel sides. The opposite or facing sides of a parallelogram are of ... more

Area of a Square

Square is a regular quadrilateral, which means that it has four equal sides and four equal angles (90-degree angles, or right angles). It can also be ... more

Morley's trisector theorem

Morley’s trisector theorem states that in any triangle, the three points of intersection of the adjacent angle trisectors form an equilateral ... more

Law of sines ( related to the sides of the triangle)

Law of sines is an equation relating the lengths of the sides of any shaped triangle to the sines of its angles. The law of sines can be used to compute ... more

Napoleon's theorem

In geometry, Napoleon’s theorem states that if equilateral triangles are constructed on the sides of any triangle, either all outward, or all inward, ... more

Hyperbolic law of cosines - 1st law

In hyperbolic geometry, the law of cosines is a pair of theorems relating the sides and angles of triangles on a hyperbolic plane, analogous to the planar ... more

Tangential quadrilateral ( the sum of the opposite sides)

In Euclidean geometry, a tangential quadrilateral (sometimes just tangent quadrilateral) or circumscribed quadrilateral is a convex quadrilateral whose ... more

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