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The basic principle of the Vickers hardness test, as with all common measures of hardness, is to observe the questioned material’s ability to resist ... more

In the design of fluid bearings, the Sommerfeld number (S), or bearing characteristic number, is a dimensionless quantity used extensively in hydrodynamic ... more

Pell’s equation is a Diophantine equation (a polynomial equation in two or more unknowns ).

In Cartesian coordinates, the equation has the form
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The stiffness of a body is a measure of the resistance offered by an elastic body to deformation. For an elastic body with a single degree of freedom (for ... more

assigns a magnitude number to quantify the energy released by an earthquake. The Richter scale is a base-10 logarithmic scale, which defines magnitude as ... more

In compressible fluid dynamics, impact pressure (dynamic pressure) is the difference between total pressure (also known as pitot pressure or stagnation ... more

Hydraulic head or piezometric head is a specific measurement of liquid pressure above a geodetic datum.

In any real moving fluid, energy is dissipated
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Tier 2 capital, or supplementary capital, include a number of important and legitimate constituents of a bank’s capital base. (Undisclosed Reserves ... more

In general, an exponential function is one of an exponential form , where the base is “b” and the exponent is “x”. In general, the ... more

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