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Tier 1 capital is the core measure of a bank’s financial strength from a regulator’s point of view. It is composed of core capital, which ... more

Tier 2 capital, or supplementary capital, include a number of important and legitimate constituents of a bank’s capital base. (Undisclosed Reserves ... more

In finance, the capital asset pricing model is used to determine a theoretically appropriate required rate of return of an asset, if that asset is to be ... more

The cost of capital is a term used in the field of financial investment to refer to the cost of a company’s funds (both debt and equity). Equity is ... more

In finance, the capital asset pricing model (CAPM) is used to determine a theoretically appropriate required rate of return of an ... more

The weighted average cost of capital is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. It is the ... more

In finance, holding period return (HPR) is the total return on an asset or portfolio over the period during which it was held. It ... more

Capital market line (CML) is the tangent line drawn from the point of the risk-free asset to the feasible region for risky ... more

A time value of money calculation is one which solves for one of several variables in a financial problem. In a typical case, the variables might be: a ... more

Security market line (SML) is the representation of the capital asset pricing model. It displays the expected rate of return of ... more

The dividend discount model is a method of valuing a company’s stock price based on the theory that its stock is worth the sum of all of its future ... more

In mathematics, the beta function, also called the Euler integral of the first kind, is a special function.The beta function was studied by Euler and ... more

In finance, holding period return (HPR) is the total return on an asset or portfolio over the period during which it was held. It ... more

In algebra, the discriminant of a polynomial is a function of its coefficients, typically denoted by a capital 'D’ or the capital Greek letter Delta ... more

In mathematics, the gamma function (represented by the capital Greek letter Γ) is an extension of the factorial function, with its argument shifted down by ... more

In finance, the Sharpe ratio (also known as the Sharpe index, the Sharpe measure, and the reward-to-variability ratio) is a way to examine the performance ... more

Total Shareholder Return (TSR) (or simply Total Return) is a measure of the performance of different companies’ stocks and shares ... more

The Sortino ratio measures the risk-adjusted return of an investment asset, portfolio, or strategy. It is a modification of the Sharpe ratio but penalizes ... more

Security characteristic line (SCL) is a regression line, plotting performance of a particular security or portfolio against that ... more

In various scientific contexts, a scale height is a distance over which a quantity decreases by a factor of e (approximately 2.71828, the base of natural ... more

The Black–Scholes /ˌblæk ˈʃoʊlz/ or Black–Scholes–Merton model is a mathematical model of a financial market containing derivative investment instruments. ... more

In finance, leverage is a general term for any technique to multiply gains and losses. Most often it involves buying more of an asset by using borrowed ... more

In finance, the beta (β) of an investment is a measure of the risk arising from exposure to general market movements as opposed to idiosyncratic factors. ... more

In finance, leverage is a general term for any technique to multiply gains and losses.Most often it involves buying more of an asset by using borrowed ... more

In finance, leverage is a general term for any technique to multiply gains and losses. Most often it involves buying more of an asset by using borrowed ... more

n finance, leverage is a general term for any technique to multiply gains and losses. Most often it involves buying more of an asset by using borrowed ... more

In financial accounting, an asset is an economic resource. Anything tangible or intangible that is capable of being owned or controlled to produce value ... more

In corporate finance, Hamada’s equation, is used to separate the financial risk of a levered firm from its business risk. Hamada’s equation relates the ... more

In financial accounting, an asset is an economic resource. Anything tangible or intangible that is capable of being owned or controlled to produce value ... more

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