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Tier 1 capital

Tier 1 capital is the core measure of a bank’s financial strength from a regulator’s point of view. It is composed of core capital, which ... more

Tier 2 capital

Tier 2 capital, or supplementary capital, include a number of important and legitimate constituents of a bank’s capital base. (Undisclosed Reserves ... more

Capital asset pricing model

In finance, the capital asset pricing model is used to determine a theoretically appropriate required rate of return of an asset, if that asset is to be ... more

Weighted average cost of capital

The weighted average cost of capital is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets. It is the ... more

Cost of equity

The cost of capital is a term used in the field of financial investment to refer to the cost of a company’s funds (both debt and equity). Equity is ... more

Capital asset pricing model ( including size premium and specific risk)

In finance, the capital asset pricing model (CAPM) is used to determine a theoretically appropriate required rate of return of an ... more

Capital market line (CML)

Capital market line (CML) is the tangent line drawn from the point of the risk-free asset to the feasible region for risky ... more

Holding period return

In finance, holding period return (HPR) is the total return on an asset or portfolio over the period during which it was held. It ... more

Security market line (SML)

Security market line (SML) is the representation of the capital asset pricing model. It displays the expected rate of return of ... more

Sharpe ratio

In finance, the Sharpe ratio (also known as the Sharpe index, the Sharpe measure, and the reward-to-variability ratio) is a way to examine the performance ... more

Future value of a present sum

A time value of money calculation is one which solves for one of several variables in a financial problem. In a typical case, the variables might be: a ... more

Sortino ratio

The Sortino ratio measures the risk-adjusted return of an investment asset, portfolio, or strategy. It is a modification of the Sharpe ratio but penalizes ... more

Security characteristic line

Security characteristic line (SCL) is a regression line, plotting performance of a particular security or portfolio against that ... more

Asset turnover ratio

In financial accounting, an asset is an economic resource. Anything tangible or intangible that is capable of being owned or controlled to produce value ... more

Annualizing the holding period return

In finance, holding period return (HPR) is the total return on an asset or portfolio over the period during which it was held. It ... more

Financial leverage

In finance, leverage is a general term for any technique to multiply gains and losses. Most often it involves buying more of an asset by using borrowed ... more

Beta (financial elasticity)

In finance, the beta (β) of an investment is a measure of the risk arising from exposure to general market movements as opposed to idiosyncratic factors. ... more

Dividend discount model ( Gordon growth model)

The dividend discount model is a method of valuing a company’s stock price based on the theory that its stock is worth the sum of all of its future ... more

Discriminant of the Quadratic Equation

In algebra, the discriminant of a polynomial is a function of its coefficients, typically denoted by a capital 'D’ or the capital Greek letter Delta ... more

Beta Function

In mathematics, the beta function, also called the Euler integral of the first kind, is a special function.The beta function was studied by Euler and ... more

Degree of Combined Leverage

In finance, leverage is a general term for any technique to multiply gains and losses.Most often it involves buying more of an asset by using borrowed ... more

Degree of Operating Leverage

In finance, leverage is a general term for any technique to multiply gains and losses. Most often it involves buying more of an asset by using borrowed ... more

Degree of Financial Leverage

n finance, leverage is a general term for any technique to multiply gains and losses. Most often it involves buying more of an asset by using borrowed ... more

Black-Scholes formula - value of a call option for a non-dividend-paying underlying stock

The Black–Scholes /ˌblæk ˈʃoʊlz/ or Black–Scholes–Merton model is a mathematical model of a financial market containing derivative investment instruments. ... more

Gamma Function

In mathematics, the gamma function (represented by the capital Greek letter Γ) is an extension of the factorial function, with its argument shifted down by ... more

Hamada's equation

In corporate finance, Hamada’s equation, is used to separate the financial risk of a levered firm from its business risk. Hamada’s equation relates the ... more

Reserve factor as function of the ultimate strength and load

A measure of strength frequently used in Europe is the Reserve Factor (RF). With the strength and applied loads expressed in the same units, the Reserve ... more

Reserve factor

A measure of strength frequently used in Europe is the Reserve Factor (RF). With the strength and applied loads expressed in the same units, the Reserve ... more

Total shareholder return

Total Shareholder Return (TSR) (or simply Total Return) is a measure of the performance of different companies’ stocks and shares ... more

Earnings per share (continuing operations formula)

Earnings per share is the monetary value of earnings per each outstanding share of a company’s common stock. Shares outstanding are all the shares of a ... more

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