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A guided ray (also bound ray or trapped ray) is a ray of light in a multi-mode optical fiber ( type of optical fiber mostly used for communication over ... more

The Fresnel equations (or Fresnel conditions) describe the behaviour of light when moving between media of differing refractive indices. The reflection of ... more

The Fresnel equations (or Fresnel conditions) describe the behaviour of light when moving between media of differing refractive indices. The reflection of ... more

Parabolas with axes of symmetry parallel to the y-axis have equations of the form y=ax^2+bx+c.

The x-coordinate and y-coordinate at the vertex can be
... more

The Dirichlet kernel is a collection of functions and its importance comes from its relation to Fourier series, that decomposes any periodic function or ... more

Terrestrial Time (TT) is a modern astronomical time standard defined by the International Astronomical Union, primarily for time-measurements of ... more

Parabolas with axes of symmetry parallel to the y-axis have equations of the form y=ax^2+bx+c.

The x-coordinate and y-coordinate at the vertex can be
... more

In celestial mechanics, the Lagrangian points (also Lagrange points, L-points, or libration points) are positions in an orbital configuration of two large ... more

The elliptic paraboloid is shaped like an oval cup and can have a maximum or minimum point. In a suitable coordinate system with three axes x, y, and z, it ... more

The sawtooth wave (or saw wave) is a kind of non-sinusoidal waveform. The convention is that a sawtooth wave ramps upward and then sharply drops. However, ... more

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