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conic section (or just conic) is a curve obtained as the intersection of a cone (more precisely, a right circular conical surface) with a plane. A conic ... more

Ellipse is a curve on a plane surrounding two focal points such that a straight line drawn from one of the focal points to any point on the curve and then ... more

A conical pendulum is a weight (or bob) fixed on the end of a string (or rod) suspended from a pivot. Its construction is similar to an ordinary pendulum; ... more

Aperture is a “hole” or an opening through which light travels. The aperture of an optical system is the opening that determines the cone angle ... more

A horn antenna or microwave horn is an antenna that consists of a flaring metal waveguide shaped like a horn to direct radio waves in a beam. Horns are ... more

The conchoid(s) of de Sluze is a family of plane curves. In Cartesian coordinates, the curves satisfy an implicit equation. They are rational, circular, ... more

The general equation for a circle with a center not necessary at the pole, gives the length of the radius of the circle.

The polar coordinate system
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A guided ray (also bound ray or trapped ray) is a ray of light in a multi-mode optical fiber ( type of optical fiber mostly used for communication over ... more

In mathematics, linear interpolation is a method of curve fitting using linear polynomials. If the two known points are given by the coordinates (x_0,y_0) ... more

In fluid dynamics, a Mach wave is a pressure wave traveling with the speed of sound caused by a slight change of pressure added to a compressible flow. ... more

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