Deformation in continuum mechanics is the transformation of a body from a reference configuration to a current configuration.
Strain is a normalized
The Cauchy strain or engineering strain is expressed as the ratio of total deformation to the initial dimension of the material body in which the forces
Strain gauge is a device used to measure strain on an object. A strain is a normalized measure of deformation representing the displacement between
The stretch ratio or extension ratio is a measure of the extensional or normal strain of a differential line element, which can be defined at either the
In materials science, shear modulus or modulus of rigidity, denoted by G, or sometimes S or μ, is defined as the ratio of shear stress to the shear strain.
Curvature of a Bimetallic Beam
A bimetallic strip is used to convert a temperature change into mechanical displacement. The strip consists of two strips of different metals which expand
Young’s modulus, also known as the Tensile modulus or elastic modulus, is a measure of the stiffness of an elastic isotropic material and is a
An elastic modulus, or modulus of elasticity, is the mathematical description of an object or substance’s tendency to be deformed elastically (i.e.,
Poisson’s ratio, named after Siméon Poisson, is the negative ratio of transverse to axial strain. When a material is compressed in one direction, it