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Air-to-cloth ratio

The air-to-cloth ratio is the volumetric flow rate of air flowing through a dust collector’s inlet duct divided by the total cloth area in the ... more

Arithmetic mean size - 1st moment

Calculates the arithmetic mean size (arithmetic method of moments) of the particles’ size distribution of a soil, in metric scale. In statistics, the ... more

Arithmetic Standard Deviation - 2nd moment

Shows how much variation or dispersion from the average exists, on the particles’ size distribution of a soil, in metric scale. Arithmetic mean size (1st ... more

Available NPSH in turbine (Net Positive Suction Head)

In a hydraulic circuit, net positive suction head (NPSH) may refer to one of two quantities in the analysis of cavitation:
... more

Ballistic Coefficient - using body length

In ballistics, the ballistic coefficient (BC) of a body is a measure of its ability to overcome air resistance in flight. It is inversely proportional to ... more

Ballistic Coefficient - using corss-sectional area

In ballistics, the ballistic coefficient (BC) of a body is a measure of its ability to overcome air resistance in flight. It is inversely proportional to ... more

Barlow's formula - pipe

In the pipeline industry it is neccecary to verify that pipe used for gathering, transmission, and distribution lines can safely withstand operating ... more

Barlow's formula - sphere

In the pipeline industry it is neccecary to verify that pipe used for gathering, transmission, and distribution lines can safely withstand operating ... more

Batchelor vortex (core size)

In fluid dynamics, Batchelor vortices have been found useful in analyses of airplane vortex wake hazard problems. The Batchelor vortex is an approximate ... more

Bernoulli’s Equation (conservation of energy)

Bernoulli’s equation states that for an incompressible, frictionless fluid, the above mentioned sum is constant. If we follow a small volume of fluid along ... more

Blade root bending moment load due to yaw

The blade root bending moment due to the wind turbine yaw operation. The yaw rate can be calculated for passive yaw, or is defined by the design for active ... more

Boundary shear stress (for natural rivers)

Assuming a single, well-mixed, homogeneous fluid and a single acceleration due to gravity (both are good assumptions in natural rivers, and the second is a ... more

Buckingham-Reiner equation (Darcy friction factor for laminar flow)

An exact description of friction loss (Darcy Weisbach equation) for Bingham plastics in fully developed laminar pipe flow was first published by ... more

Buoyancy mass (effective mass)

The effective mass of an object which is submerged and suspended via a cord, is the mass of a reference object on the a dry-land pan of the balance that ... more

Buoyant force (Archimedes' principle)

Buoyancy is an upward force exerted by a fluid that opposes the weight of an immersed object. Buoyant force equivalent to the weight of the fluid that ... more

Calibrated airspeed (CAS)

Calibrated airspeed (CAS) is indicated airspeed corrected for instrument and position error.

When flying at sea level ... more

Calibrated airspeed from impact pressure - Subsonic speed

Calibrated airspeed (CAS) is indicated airspeed corrected for instrument and position error.

When flying at sea level ... more

Calibrated airspeed from impact pressure - Supersonic speed

Calibrated airspeed (CAS) is indicated airspeed corrected for instrument and position error.

When flying at sea level ... more

Coriolis frequency (Coriolis parameter)

Is equal to twice the rotation rate of the Earth multiplied by the sine of the latitude

... more

Darcy Weisbach equation (head loss)

In fluid dynamics, the Darcy–Weisbach equation is a phenomenological equation, which relates the head loss — or pressure loss — due to friction along a ... more

Darcy's law

Describes the flow of a fluid through a porous medium, for slow, viscous flow. The total discharge, is equal to the product of the intrinsic permeability ... more

Darcy's law (simplified)

Darcy’s law states that the volume of flow of the pore fluid through a porous medium per unit time is proportional to the rate of change of excess ... more

Degree of saturation

Soil is the mixture of minerals, organic matter, gases, liquids, and the myriad of organisms that together support plant life. The ratio of the volume of ... more

Drag force on a rigid cylinder when velocity is parallel to its axis(Slender-body theory)

In fluid dynamics and electrostatics, slender-body theory is a methodology that can be used to take advantage of the slenderness of a body to obtain an ... more

Drag force on a rigid cylinder when velocity is perpendicular to its axis(Slender-body theory)

n fluid dynamics and electrostatics, slender-body theory is a methodology that can be used to take advantage of the slenderness of a body to obtain an ... more

Drainage Hooghoudt's equation

A drainage equation is an equation describing the relation between depth and spacing of parallel subsurface drains, depth of the watertable, depth and ... more

Dupuit-Forchheimer relationship

The pore or interstitial velocity v_px given by the Dupuit-Forchheimer relationship is the average velocity of fluid molecules in the pores; it is related ... more

Dynamic (shear) viscosity

The dynamic (shear) viscosity of a fluid expresses its resistance to shearing flows, where adjacent layers move parallel to each other with different ... more

Energy–Maneuverability Theory (aircraft performance)

Energy–maneuverability theory is a model of aircraft performance. It was developed by Col. John Boyd, and is useful in describing an aircraft’s ... more

Equivalent airspeed (in function of impact pressure and static pressure)

Equivalent airspeed (EAS) is the airspeed at sea level in the International Standard Atmosphere at which the dynamic pressure is ... more

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