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Golden ratio

In mathematics, two quantities are in the golden ratio if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities. ( The ... more

Worksheet 341

The awe‐inspiring Great Pyramid of Cheops was built more than 4500 years ago. Its square base, originally 230 m on a side, covered 13.1 acres, and it was 146 m high (H), with a mass of about 7×10^9 kg. (The pyramid’s dimensions are slightly different today due to quarrying and some sagging). Historians estimate that 20,000 workers spent 20 years to construct it, working 12-hour days, 330 days per year.

a) Calculate the gravitational potential energy stored in the pyramid, given its center of mass is at one-fourth its height.

Potential energy

b) Only a fraction of the workers lifted blocks; most were involved in support services such as building ramps, bringing food and water, and hauling blocks to the site. Calculate the efficiency of the workers who did the lifting, assuming there were 1000 of them and they consumed food energy at the rate of 300 Kcal/hour.

first we calculate the number of hours worked per year.


then we calculate the number of hours worked in the 20 years.


Then we calculate the energy consumed in 20 years knowing the energy consumed per hour and the total hours worked in 20 years.


The efficiency is the resulting potential energy divided by the consumed energy.

Harmonic mean

In mathematics, the harmonic mean (sometimes called the subcontrary mean) is one of several kinds of average. The harmonic mean is the reciprocal of the ... more

Heinz mean

In probability and statistics, mean and expected value are used synonymously to refer to one measure of the central tendency either of a probability ... more

Heronian mean

The Heronian mean of two non-negative real numbers is a weighted mean of their arithmetic and geometric means.The weighted mean is similar to an ... more

Horizontal Hyperbola (Standard Equation)

Hyperbola is the set of all points in the plane, such that the absolute value of the difference of each of the distances from two fixed points is constant. ... more

Horizontal Parabola (Standard Equation)

Parabola is a two-dimensional, mirror-symmetrical curve, which is approximately U-shaped but which can be in any orientation in its plane. A parabola is ... more

Hyperbolic paraboloid equation

The hyperbolic paraboloid (not to be confused with a hyperboloid) is a doubly ruled surface shaped like a saddle. In a suitable coordinate system, a ... more

Hyperbolic sector (area)

A hyperbolic sector is a region of the Cartesian plane {(x,y)} bounded by rays from the origin to two points (a, 1/a) and (b, 1/b) and by the hyperbola xy ... more

Hyperboloid of one sheet equation

In mathematics, a hyperboloid is a quadric – a type of surface in three dimensions – . A hyperboloid of revolution of one sheet can be obtained by ... more

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